Archive Questionnaire Surveys

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Files on this page are provided for reference purposes only. They were current when produced, but are no longer maintained and may now be outdated. Persons with disabilities having difficulty accessing information on this page should send an e-mail to usrt_access@imsweb.com.

Periodic surveys are conducted to gather data from participants about radiation exposure (occupational and personal medical), health outcomes (cancer and selected other conditions), and other risk factors. Conducting multiple surveys over a long span of years is important because some conditions may not show up for many years. Even when you are no longer working as a RT your completed surveys provide valuable information to the study.

The similarities in questions across the surveys allow us to update information on radiation exposure, health, and risk factors over time. New questions provide the opportunity to study current health issues in the USRT population. For example, questions about sun exposure allow us to study the role of Vitamin D and UV radiation exposure on health.

Overview of the surveys conducted to date:


First Survey (1983-1989)
[PDF - 1.5mb]
  • Focus: Collect information about radiation exposure on the job, personal medical radiation, medical outcomes (cancer and selected conditions), family history and other risk factors.
  • Mailed to approximately 132,000 living technologists.
  • 90,305 (68%) completed full questionnaire; 14,199 (11%) completed abbreviated questionnaire about medical outcomes only.

Second Survey (1994-1998)
[PDF - 1.7mb]
  • Focus: Update medical outcomes (cancers and selected conditions) since the first survey, update employment histories, personal medical radiation exposures, gynecologic and reproductive histories, and other cancer risk factors.
  • Mailed to approximately 127,000 living technologists.
  • 90,972 (72%) completed the questionnaire.

Third Survey (2003-2005)
[PDF - 260kb]
  • Focus: Update medical outcomes (cancers and selected conditions), obtain new information about work history, personal medical radiation procedures, and sun exposure to estimate occupational, personal medical, and ultraviolet radiation exposures.
  • Mailed to approximately 103,000 living technologists who completed one or both of the previous surveys.
  • 73,625 (72%) completed questionnaire, including 2,744 technologists who began working before 1950 and completed a telephone interview.

Fourth Survey (2012-2014)
[PDF - 4.8mb]
  • Focus: Update medical outcomes (cancers and selected conditions), work history, cancer risk factors, obtain new information about nightshift work, physical activity, sleep patterns, and sun exposure.
  • Mailed to approximately 94,000 living technologists who completed one or more surveys in the past.
  • 58,484 (62%) completed the questionnaire.

Fluoroscopically-Guided Procedures Questionnaire (2013)
[PDF - 450kb]
  • Focus: Obtain detailed calendar-specific information about diagnostic and interventional fluoroscopically-guided procedures performed, related work practices, and safety measures employed.
  • Mailed to approximately 22,000 participants who reported on the Fourth Survey that they worked with fluoroscopically-guided procedures.
  • 14,647 (67%) completed the follow-up work history questionnaire.

Nuclear Medicine Procedures Questionnaire (2013)
[PDF - 1.5mb]
  • Focus: Obtain detailed calendar-specific information about diagnostic and therapeutic nuclear medicine procedures performed, related work practices, and safety measures employed.
  • Mailed to approximately 9,400 participants who reported on the Fourth Survey that they worked with nuclear procedures.
  • 6,222 (66%) completed the follow-up work history questionnaire, including 448 participants who completed a more detailed questionnaire providing information on radionuclides used when performing specific procedures over time.

Certificate of Confidentiality

In accordance with the provisions of section 301(d) of the Public Health Service Act 42 U.S.C. 241(d), the National Cancer Institute has obtained a Certificate of Confidentiality under the authority of the Secretary of Health and Human Services. This certificate ensures that the researchers involved in this project cannot be forced to disclose your identity or any information about you collected in this study, including in any legal proceedings at the Federal, State, or local level, regardless of whether they are criminal, administrative, or legislative proceedings, although such information can be released if you or your guardian requests it in writing. However, the Certificate does not prevent release of information by researchers to the Department of Health and Human Services as required for program evaluation or audits of research records or to the Food and Drug Administration as required under the federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 301 et seq).

small spiderweb The information on this page is archived and provided for information purposes only.